General Studies Paper 1 HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY AND SOCIETY

GENERAL STUDIES – I
HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY AND SOCIETY
Section- 1: HISTORY
1.1 History of the world : Events from 18th century; industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like Communism, Capitalism, Socialism etc. -their forms and effect on society.
1.2 Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
1.3 Indian Culture from the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities and Modern Indian history issues.
1.4 Socio-religious reform movements with special reference to Punjab.
1.5 The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country with special reference to Punjab.
1.6 Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
1.7. 1 Ranjit Singh’s rise to power, civil and military administration History of Punjab: and relations with the British
1.7. 2 Annexation of Punjab with special reference to the causes and consequences of the Anglo-Sikh wars.
Section-2: GEOGRAPHY
2.1 Salient features of world’s physical geography. Distribution of key natural resources across the world Physical Geography: (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
2.2 Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location– changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
2.3. 1 Physiographic details of Punjab; Geomorphic features of Geography of Punjab Punjab, Punjab’s strategic location with reference to International Border;
2.3. 2 Crops of Punjab; Modern concepts of Farming; Problems faced by agriculturists/ Issues in Agriculture: Depletion of ground water, etc;
Section-3: SOCIETY
3.1 Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
3.2 Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies
3.3 Effects of globalization on Indian society
3.4 Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
3.5 Ethics and Society:Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
3. 6 Human Values – Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values; lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders and reformers- Gautam Buddha, Mahavira, Kabir, Guru Nanak; Swami Vivekananda, Jyotibha Phule, Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar and Mahatma Gandhi.
3.7 Vulnerable sections of the population – Welfare schemes by the Centre and State of Punjab and their performance; Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for their protection and betterment.
3.8 Issues relating to development and management of Social Health, Education, Human Resources; Issues relating to Poverty and Malnutrition.

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