Punjab’s strategic location with reference to International Border

Punjab’s strategic location with reference to International Border The state of Punjab has approximately 553 kms.of international borders with Pakistan, comprising the districts of Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Tara Taran and Firozepur. The border district of Firozepur touches Pakistan border on the north, Faridkot and Moga districts at the east and Muktsar district at south sides. On … Read more

Annexation of Punjab with special reference to the causes and consequences of the Anglo-Sikh wars

Annexation of Punjab with special reference to the causes and consequences of the Anglo-Sikh wars Sikh Wars, (1845–46; 1848–49), two campaigns fought between the Sikhs and the British. They resulted in the conquest and annexation by the British of the Punjab in northwestern India. The first war was precipitated by mutual suspicions and the turbulence … Read more

Socio-religious reform movements of Punjab

Socio-religious reform movements of Punjab The Arya Samaj Till the end of the first half of the nineteenth century the whole of the Punjab had been brought under British colonial administration. In Punjab, the creative response to colonial rule first emerged among Hindus from the Vaishya community. There were historical reasons for the dominance of … Read more

Communism- Political Philosphy

Communism Communism, political and economic doctrine that aims to replace private property and a profit-based economy with public ownership and communal control of at least the major means of production (e.g., mines, mills, and factories) and the natural resources of a society. Communism is thus a form of socialism—a higher and more advanced form, according … Read more

Industrial revolution

Emergence and Background Beginning of geographical discoveries and direct sea routes opened new avenues of trade and commerce. It formed the bedrock of Industrial revolution as mismatch between demand and supply led to new innovative ways of enhancing production. Second factor was emergence of capitalist ideology. Profit making became the core of all economic activities … Read more

Colonization and Decolonization

Concept of Colonization Colonization is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components. The term is derived from the Latin word colere, which means “to inhabit” The colonial age featured two types of empire. In a colonial empire, conquered territories were settled by the conquering nation; a … Read more

Socialism -Its forms and effect on society.

Socialism is an economic system where the ways of making money (factories, offices, etc.) are owned by a society as a whole, meaning the value made belongs to everyone in that society, instead of a group of private owners. People who agree with this type of system are called socialists.  There are two ways socialists think that society … Read more

Redrawal of national boundaries

World War and boundary settlements after the First and Second World War   First World War The war fought between July 28, 1914, and November 11, 1918, was known at the time as the Great War, the War to End War, and (in the United States) the European War. Only when the world went to … Read more

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